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Stimulation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate production by peptides corresponding to the effector domain of different Rab3 isoforms and cross-linking of an effector domain peptide target.


ABSTRACT: Rab3 proteins are localized on secretory vesicles and appear to be involved in regulated exocytosis. We have previously shown that a modified peptide corresponding to the effector domain of the small molecular mass GTP-binding protein Rab3A, Rab3AAL, stimulates inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] production and amylase release in digitonin-permeabilized pancreatic acini. Experiments using monoclonal antibodies reveal that the Rab3-like protein present in pancreatic acini is not the Rab3A isoform. However, since the putative effector domains of the four as yet known Rab3 proteins (A, B, C and D) differ only in the C-terminal four amino acid residues, Rab3A effector domain peptide could mimic the action of the pancreas-specific Rab3 isoform. In the present study we report that peptides corresponding to the different Rab3 isoforms stimulate both Ins(1,4,5)P3 production and amylase secretion with an order of potency Rab3B/D > Rab3AAL > Rab3A = Rab3C. For Rab3A, B/D and C effector domain peptides the concentrations causing half-maximal response (EC50) were 3, 0.2 and 3 nM for Ins(1,4,5)P3 accumulation and 0.3, 0.02 and 0.3 nM for amylase release, respectively. A Rab1A effector domain peptide, Rab1AAL, and a scrambled peptide of Rab3AAL were less potent by several orders of magnitude in eliciting these responses compared with native Rab3 effector domain peptides. None of the peptides influenced Ins(1,4,5)P3 production and amylase release in intact acini. Cross-linking of 125I-Rab3B/D peptide to pancreatic acinar membranes showed a band at 70 to 75 kDa with maximum intensity at 75 kDa. Radiolabelling of the substrates could be displaced by unlabelled Rab3B/D peptide, and to a lesser extend by Rab3A peptide, whereas the scrambled peptide of Rab3AAL had no effect. These data suggest that phospholipase C and exocytosis might be regulated by Rab3B-or Rab3D-like proteins in pancreatic acinar cells. A 75 kDa protein that preferentially cross-linked to 125I-Rab3B/D effector domain peptide is a potential candidate as an effector protein of Rab3 effector domain peptides.

SUBMITTER: Piiper A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1135776 | BioStudies | 1995-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj3090621

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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