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Stable intracellular acidification upon polyamine depletion induced by alpha-difluoromethylornithine or N1,N12-bis(ethyl)spermine in L1210 leukaemia cells.

ABSTRACT: Polyamines play major roles in ionic and osmotic regulation, but their exact involvement in specific ion transport processes is poorly defined. Treatment of L1210 mouse leukaemia cells with either 5 mM alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a suicide substrate of ornithine decarboxylase, or 25 microM N1,N12-bis(ethyl)spermine (BE-3-4-3), a dysfunctional polyamine analogue, caused a stable decreased in intracellular pH (pHi) by 0.1-0.4 unit from steady-state control values between 7.4 and 7.6, as measured either by partition of a weak acid or with a fluorescent pH-sensitive probe. This effect was not related to cell growth status or differences in metabolic acid generation, and was observed in either the presence or absence of HCO3-. Exogenous spermidine (10-25 microM) or putrescine (25-50 microM) fully reversed DFMO- or BE-3-4-3-induced acidification within 2 and 8 h respectively. Recovery of pHi in L1210 cells after a nigericin- or NH4(+)-mediated acid load in HCO3(-)-free buffers was mediated by Na+/H+ antiporter activity, in addition to a minor Na(+)-independent and amiloride-insensitive pathway. Decreased steady-state pHi was maintained in polyamine-depleted L1210 cells after recovery from acid stress. Moreover, the pHi-dependence of the rate of Na(+)-dependent H+ extrusion after an acid stress was altered by DFMO and BE-3-4-3, resulting in a set-point which was lower by 0.25-0.30 pH unit in polyamine-depleted cells. On the other hand, neither the rate nor the magnitude of Na+/H(+)-exchanger-mediated alkalinization induced by hypertonic shock was decreased by polyamine depletion. Thus polyamine depletion induces a persistent defect in pHi homeostasis which is due, at least in part, to a stable decrease in the pHi set-point of the Na+/H+ exchanger.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1136177 | BioStudies | 1995-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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