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Interleukin 10 up-regulates elastin gene expression in vivo and in vitro at the transcriptional level.

ABSTRACT: In immune cells, such as T cells and monocytes, interleukin 10 (IL-10) has regulatory functions on a number of cytokines, including IL-1, IL-2, IL-8 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha expression. However, the effects of IL-10 have not previously been studied in detail in connective-tissue cells. In the present study, we show that recombinant human IL-10 at physiological concentrations has direct effects on the expression of the human elastin gene both in vivo and in vitro. Transgenic mice expressing a human elastin promoter/chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene construct were injected subcutaneously with IL-10 (1-100 ng) and the site of injection was biopsied after 24 h. CAT assay revealed an increase of up to 3.5-fold in the promoter activity with 10 ng of IL-10. Transforming growth factor-beta 2 (TGF-beta 2) is known to up-regulate elastin gene expression in cultured fibroblasts. When IL-10 was added to such cultures, the effects of TGF-beta 2 on elastin mRNA levels were synergistically potentiated. These results suggest that IL-10 has an up-regulatory effect on elastin gene expression.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1137232 | BioStudies | 1994-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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