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Photoaffinity labelling of the active site of the rat glutathione transferases 3-3 and 1-1 and human glutathione transferase A1-1.


ABSTRACT: The glutathione transferases (GSTs) form a group of enzymes responsible for a wide range of molecular detoxications. The photoaffinity label S-(2-nitro-4-azidophenyl)glutathione was used to study the hydrophobic region of the active site of the rat liver GST 1-1 and 2-2 isoenzymes (class Alpha) as well as the rat class-Mu GST 3-3. Photoaffinity labelling was carried out using a version of S-(2-nitro-4-azidophenyl)glutathione tritiated in the arylazido ring. The labelling occurred with higher levels of radioisotope incorporation for the Mu than the Alpha families. Taking rat GST 3-3, 1.18 (+/- 0.05) mol of radiolabel from S-(2-nitro-4-azidophenyl)glutathione was incorporated per mol of dimeric enzyme, which could be blocked by the presence of the strong competitive inhibitor, S-tritylglutathione (Ki = 1.4 x 10(-7) M). Radiolabelling of the protein paralleled the loss of enzyme activity. Photoaffinity labelling by tritiated S-(2-nitro-4-azidophenyl)glutathione on a preparative scale (in the presence and absence of S-tritylglutathione) followed by tryptic digestion and purification of the labelled peptides indicated that GST 3-3 was specifically photolabelled; the labelled peptides were sequenced. Similarly, preparative photoaffinity labelling by S-(2-nitro-4-azidophenyl)glutathione of the rat liver 1-1 isoenzyme, the human GST A1-1 and the human-rat chimaeric GST, H1R1/1, was carried out with subsequent sequencing of radiolabelled h.p.l.c.-purified tryptic peptides. The results were interpreted by means of molecular-graphics analysis to locate photoaffinity-labelled peptides using the X-ray-crystallographic co-ordinates of rat GST 3-3 and human GST A1-1. The molecular-graphical analysis indicated that the labelled peptides are located within the immediate vicinity of the region occupied by S-substituted glutathione derivatives bound in the active-site cavity of the GSTs investigated.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1137239 | BioStudies | 1994-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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