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Relationship between latency and period for 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced membrane responses in the Calliphora salivary gland.


ABSTRACT: Following stimulation with a calcium-mobilizing agonist there is often a distinct latency (L) preceding the onset of the first calcium spike. In the continued presence of the agonist, repetitive spikes appear separated by a variable period (P). The relationship between L and P has been investigated in an insect salivary gland responding to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). Both L and P were found to decrease as the concentration of 5-HT was increased over its physiological range of 1-10 nM. Lowering the concentration of external calcium from 1 x 10(-3) M to 1 x 10(-5) M increased both P and L. However, the effect on L was apparent only at low levels of 5-HT. Reducing the content of the internal stores by repeated stimulation in a calcium-free medium resulted in a progressive prolongation of L. On the other hand, the effect of L decreased when glands were stimulated repetitively in normal calcium-containing medium. All these results are consistent with a hypothesis that calcium plays a critical role in determining the kinetics of calcium release during both L and P. An important component seems to be the entry of external calcium, which sets the stage for calcium release by loading up the internal stores. As these stores fill up with calcium, the Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors will initiate a calcium spike once they become sensitized to the ambient level of Ins(1,4,5)P3.

SUBMITTER: Berridge MJ 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1137262 | BioStudies | 1994-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj3020545

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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