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Activation of AT1 angiotensin receptors induces DNA synthesis in a rat intestinal epithelial (RIE-1) cell line.

ABSTRACT: Proliferation of the rat intestinal epithelial cell-line, RIE-1, has previously been shown to be stimulated by certain polypeptide growth factors acting via receptors that possess intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity. In this study, we show that the octapeptide hormone angiotensin II (AII), apparently acting through the AT1 G-protein-coupled receptor, is also a mitogen for RIE-1 cells. Maximal stimulation of DNA synthesis and cellular proliferation occurred at an AII concentration of 10-100 nM, with half-maximal stimulation at 1 nM. The mitogenic response to AII was completely inhibited by the AT1 angiotensin-receptor antagonist, DuP753, but not by the AT2-receptor antagonist, PD123319. The early signalling responses activated by AII in RIE-1 cells include increased production of inositol phosphates, a transient increase in the intracellular concentration of free calcium, an activation of protein kinase C, and a rapid change in the pattern of cellular protein-tyrosine phosphorylation. These results implicate an activation of the inositol lipid signalling pathway via the AT1 receptor subtype in the AII-stimulated mitogenic response of this normal epithelial cell line.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1137300 | BioStudies | 1994-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj3020791

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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