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Loss of fast-twitch isomyosins in skeletal muscles of the diabetic rat.


ABSTRACT: By means of pyrophosphate electrophoresis the myosin isoenzyme pattern of two fast-twitch skeletal muscles (extensor digitorum longus, gastrocnemius) and one slow-twitch muscle (soleus) was investigated in control rats and was compared with that of rats 4 weeks after induction of diabetes mellitus by streptozotocin injection. In the fast-twitch muscles the isomyosin pattern consisting of FM1 (fast isomyosin 1), FM2 and FM3 was strongly affected by diabetes, resulting in an extensive loss of FM1 and a substantial decrease of FM2. These changes were also apparent when the light chains of the fast isomyosins were analysed by two-dimensional electrophoresis: LC3f (myosin light chain 3f) largely disappeared and LC2f was significantly diminished. In contrast, the isomyosin pattern in soleus muscle, consisting of SM1 (slow isomyosin 1) and SM2, was not affected by the diabetic state, and two-dimensional electrophoresis revealed a normal light-chain pattern of LC1sa, LC1sb and LC2s. These results indicate that the isomyosins of slow-twitch oxidative myofibres are more resistant to the hormonal and metabolic disorders during diabetes mellitus than are the isomyosins of fast-twitch fibres.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1144093 | BioStudies | 1984-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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