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Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate mobilizes intracellular Ca2+ from permeabilized insulin-secreting cells.

ABSTRACT: A possible role in secretory processes is proposed for inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3), based upon investigations of the Ca2+ steady state maintained by "leaky', insulin-secreting RINm5F cells. These cells had been treated with digitonin to permeabilize their plasma membranes and thereby ensure that only intracellular Ca2+ buffering mechanisms were active. When placed in a medium with a cation composition resembling that of the cytosol, cells rapidly took up Ca2+ as measured by a Ca2+-specific minielectrode. Two Ca2+ steady states were observed. A lower level of around 120nM required ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake and was probably determined by the endoplasmic reticulum. The higher steady state (approx. 800 nM), seen only in the absence of ATP, was shown to be due to mitochondrial activity. IP3 specifically released Ca2+ accumulated in the ATP-dependent pool, but not from mitochondria, since Ca2+ release was demonstrated in the presence of the respiratory poison antimycin. The IP3-induced Ca2+ release was rapid, with 50% of the response being seen within 15s. The apparent Km was 0.5 microM and maximal concentrations of IP3 (2.5 microM) produced a peak Ca2+ release of 10 nmol/mg of cell protein, which was followed by re-uptake. A full Ca2+ response was seen if sequential pulses of 2.5 microM-IP3 were added at 20 min intervals, although there was a slight (less than 20%) attenuation if the intervening period was decreased to 10 min. These observations could be related to the rate of IP3 degradation which, in this system, corresponded to a 25% loss of added 32P label within 2 min, and a 75% loss within 20 min. The results suggest that IP3 might act as a link between metabolic, cationic and secretory events during the stimulation of insulin release.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1144320 | BioStudies | 1984-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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