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Inward fluxes of adenosine in erythrocytes and cultured cells measured by a quenched-flow method.


ABSTRACT: Dilazep, a vasodilator previously recognized as an inhibitor of adenosine permeation, very rapidly blocked the uptake of adenosine by cultured L5178Y cells, and accordingly was used as a quencher in a simple quenched-flow system for measuring cellular uptake of nucleosides during very short intervals. Time courses of cellular uptake of adenosine, assayed during intervals between 0.05 and 0.5s with the quenched-flow system, were linear and defined initial rates of adenosine uptake. The latter are rates of inward transport of adenosine. Kinetic constants for that process in cultured S49 cells determined with the quenched-flow procedure were similar to those determined with an assay dependent on manual timing. In studies of adenosine uptake kinetics in human erythrocytes at 22 degrees C and 37 degrees C in which the quenched-flow procedure was used, time courses of adenosine uptake were linear at both temperatures and defined initial uptake rates; kinetic constants (means +/- S.E.M.) at 22 degrees C (n = 8) were Km 25 +/- 14 microM and Vmax. 15 +/- 5 pmol/s per microliter of cell water and at 37 degrees C (n = 3) were Km 98 +/- 17 microM and Vmax. 80 +/- 9 pmol/s per microliter of cell water.

SUBMITTER: Paterson AR 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1144539 | BioStudies | 1984-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2241001

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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