Dataset Information


Interspecies conservation of retinal guanosine 5'-triphosphatase. Characterization by photoaffinity labelling and tryptic-peptide mapping.

ABSTRACT: Light-activated hydrolysis of cyclic GMP is achieved through the photoexcitation of rhodopsin, a process which then triggers the replacement of GDP for GTP by a retinal guanosine 5'-triphosphatase referred to as 'transducin'. The transducin-GTP complex then switches on the phosphodiesterase [Fung, Hurley & Stryer (1981) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 78, 152-156]. The bovine transducin consists of an alpha-subunit (39000 Mr), which is a GTP-binding component, together with a beta-(37000 Mr) and a gamma-subunit (10000 Mr). We have purified retinal transducin from cow, pig, chick and frog. The enzyme specific activities and sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel-electrophoretic profiles indicate that this enzyme is similar in all species except the frog. Whereas the bovine, pig and chick transducins consist of major 37000- and 39000-Mr components, that of the frog consists of a single 75000-Mr component. Labelling of the GTP-binding components with the photoaffinity label 8-azidoguanosine [gamma-32P]triphosphate demonstrated that the 37000-Mr components of the cow, pig and chick and the 75000-Mr component of the frog were major GTP-binding components. In addition, peptide maps of radioiodinated tryptic peptides indicate that the frog 75000-Mr protein is highly related to the pig transducin. These results demonstrate evolutionary conservation of retinal transducin and the presence of a higher-Mr, but nonetheless highly conserved form, of transducin in the frog. The relationship of this component to the recently reported rod-outer-segment inhibitor protein [Yamazaki, Stein, Chernoff & Bitensky (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 8188-8194] is discussed.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1144573 | BioStudies | 1985-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2250227

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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