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Modulation of intracellular cyclic AMP content and rate of lipogenesis in mammary acini in vitro.


ABSTRACT: Relationships between the cyclic AMP content, the rate of lipogenesis and the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase in acini prepared from lactating rat mammary tissue were investigated by exposing them to agents that increase their cyclic AMP content in the presence or absence of insulin. The dose-dependent inhibition of lipogenesis by theophylline in acini isolated from fed rats was highly correlated with the induced increases in acinar cyclic AMP content. Cyclic AMP of acini from 24 h-starved lactating rats was more sensitive in its response to theophylline than that in acini from fed animals. Neither forskolin nor a mixture of isoprenaline and Ro 7-2956 were able significantly to change either the rate of lipogenesis or the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase in acini from fed rats when added to incubations in vitro, in spite of the large increases in cyclic AMP concentration produced by these agents. Insulin was without effect on the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase and on either the basal or isoprenaline-stimulated cyclic AMP content of acini. These results are discussed in terms of the possibility that the rate of lipogenesis and the cyclic AMP content in mammary acini can vary independently of one another and of the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase.

SUBMITTER: Clegg RA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1147369 | BioStudies | 1986-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2400013

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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