Dataset Information


The acylation of lysophosphoradylglycerocholines in guinea-pig heart mitochondria.

ABSTRACT: The importance of the deacylation-reacylation pathway for attaining the desired fatty acid composition in microsomal phospholipids has been well established. It is not clear, however, whether this mechanism is of equal importance in mitochondria. The absence of acyltransferase activity in mammalian heart mitochondria has been reported in a number of studies. In the present study we report the presence of acyltransferase activities for lysophosphoradylglycerocholines in guinea-pig heart mitochondria. This enzyme showed properties that were considerably different from those of the microsomal enzymes. Of all the acyl-CoAs tested (C18:0, C18:1, C18:2 and C20:4) the mitochondrial enzyme utilized only linoleoyl-CoA as fatty acyl donor and utilized both 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and 1-alkenyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine as fatty acyl acceptors. The presence of significant quantities of fatty acids other than linoleate at the C-2 position of mitochondrial acylglycerophosphocholines, coupled with the specificity of the enzyme for linoleoyl-CoA, suggest that, in addition to reacylation, other mechanisms play a significant role in producing the molecular composition of these phospholipids found in the mitochondria.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1147679 | BioStudies | 1987-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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