Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Properties and distribution of the protein inhibitor (Mr 17,000) of protein kinase C.


ABSTRACT: Ca2+-dependent hydrophobic-interaction chromatography is a powerful tool for the identification and isolation of a variety of Ca2+-binding proteins which expose a hydrophobic site(s) in the presence of Ca2+ [Gopalakrishna & Anderson (1982) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 104, 830-836; Walsh, Valentine, Ngai, Carruthers & Hollenberg (1984) Biochem. J. 224, 117-127; McDonald & Walsh (1985) Biochem. J. 232, 559-567]. Using this approach, we isolated two potent and specific protein inhibitors of protein kinase C, of 17 kDa [McDonald & Walsh (1985) Biochem. J. 232, 559-567] and 12 kDa [McDonald & Walsh (1986) Biochem. Soc. Trans. 14, 585-586]. Although these inhibitors were purified by Ca2+-dependent hydrophobic-interaction chromatography and exhibit properties similar to those of calmodulin and related Ca2+-binding proteins, we were unable to demonstrate high-affinity Ca2+ binding to these inhibitors, using equilibrium dialysis. Protein kinase C exhibited half-maximal activity at 0.6 microM-Ca2+ in the presence of phospholipid and diacylglycerol, and complete inhibition by both inhibitors was observed over the range of Ca2+ concentrations examined (10 nM-10 microM). These observations suggest that the inhibitory action of these proteins does not require Ca2+. The inclusion of proteinase inhibitors during isolation of the kinase C inhibitors, as well as two-dimensional peptide mapping and amino acid analysis of the isolated proteins, suggested that the 12 kDa inhibitor is a proteolytic fragment of the 17 kDa protein which is generated during purification. Antibodies raised in rabbits against the bovine brain 17 kDa inhibitor were shown to be specific by Western immunoblotting and the competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method and were used to study the tissue and species distribution of this protein. The inhibitor was found to be present in several bovine, murine, avian and human tissues, consistent with a role in the regulation of a variety of physiological functions involving the widely distributed protein kinase C.

SUBMITTER: McDonald JR 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1147767 | BioStudies | 1987-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2420695

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

1990-01-01 | S-EPMC1149613 | BioStudies
1988-01-01 | S-EPMC1135315 | BioStudies
1985-01-01 | S-EPMC1152916 | BioStudies
1988-01-01 | S-EPMC1149167 | BioStudies
1997-01-01 | S-EPMC1218556 | BioStudies
1993-01-01 | S-EPMC1137769 | BioStudies
1993-01-01 | S-EPMC1134317 | BioStudies
1991-01-01 | S-EPMC1151147 | BioStudies
1981-01-01 | S-EPMC1162885 | BioStudies
1980-01-01 | S-EPMC1161507 | BioStudies