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Analysis of the interactions between properdin, the third component of complement (C3), and its physiological activation products.


ABSTRACT: The interactions of properdin with both surface-bound and fluid-phase C3 (the third component of complement) and its activation products have been investigated by using a purified preparation of the 'native' form. At physiological ionic strength, a weak interaction with cell-bound C3b (the larger activation fragment of C3) could be demonstrated. In the presence of Factor B this interaction was enhanced, and further enhancement was seen when C3bBb sites were formed on the erythrocytes. The avidities of properdin for cell-bound iC3b (the initial product of Factors I and H action on C3b) and C3b were compared at low ionic strength, with that measured for iC3b being less than that for C3b. In contrast, the affinities of properdin for fluid-phase C3b, iC3b and C3c (the larger product of Factors I and H or CR1 (the C3b receptor) action on iC3b) were all very similar, and apparently much weaker than that for cell-bound C3b. No interaction with either native C3 or, more surprisingly, C3i (haemolytically inactive C3) could be detected. Properdin also inhibited Factor I binding to, and action upon, cell-bound C3b, but did not inhibit Factor I action on fluid-phase C3b. These data permit a more detailed description of the roles of properdin in the alternative pathway of complement activation, emphasizing its importance in concentrating activation at the activating surface.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1149105 | BioStudies | 1988-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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