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GTP analogues cause preferential translocation of an 18 kDa cytosolic G-protein to the membrane fraction in the ZR-75-1 human breast-cancer cell line.

ABSTRACT: Several G-proteins (GTP-binding proteins) were identified by SDS/PAGE in the cytosol (105,000 g supernatant) and membrane fractions of the oestrogen-dependent human mammary-tumour cell line ZR-75-1. These proteins, with molecular masses in the range 18-29 kDa, specifically bind [alpha-32P]GTP, which can be displaced by unlabelled GTP, GDP and their non-hydrolysable analogues guanosine 5'-[delta-thio]triphosphate (GTP[S]) and guanosine 5'-[beta-thio]diphosphate (GDP[S]), but not by GMP, ATP, ADP, AMP and other unrelated nucleotides. The apparent dissociation constant for GTP was approx. 2 x 10(-8)M. Homogenization of ZR-75-1 cells in high-salt buffer (1 M-KCl), and successive washing of the membrane fraction, suggested that, among the major G-proteins found, the 18 kDa protein is predominantly soluble, whereas the 27-29 kDa complex is primarily bound to the membrane fraction under the experimental conditions employed. Possible translocation of these G-proteins between membrane and cytosol was analysed. No redistribution of the 27-29 kDa complex was observed, whereas GTP[S] in the presence of Mg2+ caused apparent translocation of the 18 kDa protein to the membrane fraction. This effect was specific for GTP and stable GTP analogues, whereas GDP, GMP, ATP, ADP, AMP and other unrelated nucleotides were ineffective. GTP[S] and guanosine 5'-[beta gamma-imido]-triphosphate (p[NH]ppG) were equally potent (apparent Kd approximately 5 x 10(-6)M), whereas GTP was rather weak. The nucleotide effect is temperature-, time- and concentration-dependent. The translocation process was reversible, slow, and reached its maximum between 30 and 60 min at 37 degrees C. The apparent translocation of this small G-protein from the cytosol to the membrane fraction, and the specific effect of GTP analogues, suggest that this process may have functional significance in mammary-tumour cells.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1149536 | BioStudies | 1990-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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