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Effect of guanine nucleotides on polyphosphoinositide synthesis in rat liver plasma membranes.

ABSTRACT: The effect of guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate (GTP[S]) on PtdIns and PtdIns(4)P kinase activities was measured in rat liver plasma membranes. The addition of [32P]ATP resulted in the rapid incorporation of 32P into PtdIns(4)P and PtdIns(4,5)P2, with maximal levels reached within 30 s. GTP[S] (25-500 microM) increased the rate and magnitude of [32P]PtdIns(4)P and [32P]PtdIns(4,5)P2 formation by 50 and 120% respectively. Similar stimulatory effects were induced by guanosine 5'-[beta gamma-imido]triphosphate, GTP, GDP and guanosine 5'-[beta-thio]diphosphate. The stimulation of PtdIns phosphorylation by GTP[S] occurred in the presence of 2 mM-EGTA, a condition which fully inhibited phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C. GTP[S] did not stimulate phosphomonoesterase activity, and its action was not due to the binding of magnesium. However, the overall ATP-hydrolysing activity of the membrane preparation was inhibited by GTP[S] and the other guanine nucleotides. There was a direct correlation between the extent of this inhibition and the stimulation of polyphosphoinositide formation. The results indicate that stimulation of polyphosphoinositide formation by guanine nucleotides in rat liver plasma membranes can be accounted for by an inhibition of ATP hydrolysis. These data are inconsistent with a specific GTP-binding protein (G-protein)-mediated stimulation of PtdIns or PtdIns(4)P kinase.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1149603 | BioStudies | 1990-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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