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The role of caffeine-sensitive Ca2+ stores in agonist- and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-induced Ca2+ release from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells.

ABSTRACT: In single bovine adrenal chromaffin cells loaded with fura-2, histamine, angiotensin II (AII) and caffeine elicited large transient increases of intracellular free Ca2+ concentration [( Ca2+]i) in the absence of external Ca2+, with peak amplitudes averaging 726 +/- 138 (n = 14), 710 +/- 102 (n = 21) and 830 +/- 100 nM (n = 30) respectively. A substantial portion of the agonist-induced rise in [Ca2+]i depended on Ca2+ release from caffeine-sensitive stores, as pretreatment with caffeine diminished subsequent agonist responses by 90-95%. Conversely, pretreatment with histamine or AII decreased subsequent caffeine responses by 100% and 90% respectively. The effects of caffeine most likely resulted from activation of a Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+)-release (CICR) process, whereas histamine and AII initially acted through generation of Ins(1,4,5)P3. The relationship of Ins(1,4,5)P3- and caffeine-sensitive Ca2+ pools was studied by using alpha-toxin-permeabilized chromaffin cells. Evidence was found for three non-mitochondrial, ATP-dependent, Ca2+ pools: one exclusively sensitive to Ins(1,4,5)P3 (pool 1), a second sensitive to both Ins(1,4,5)P3 and caffeine (pool 2), and a third exclusively sensitive to caffeine (pool 3). The existence of pools 1 and 3, and the ability of agonists such as histamine to discharge pool 3 completely, supports a two-pool model in which a caffeine-sensitive CICR mechanism plays a major role in the generation of agonist-induced Ca2+ spikes in bovine chromaffin cells.

SUBMITTER: Stauderman KA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1151395 | BioStudies | 1991-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2780643

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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