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Alterations in the metabolism of very-low- and low-density lipoproteins after partial ileal-bypass surgery in the Watanabe heritable hyperlipidaemic rabbit.


ABSTRACT: The influence of interruption of bile-acid enterohepatic circulation by partial ileal bypass (PIB) surgery on serum lipids, lipoproteins and the turnover of very-low- (VLDL) and low-density (LDL) lipoproteins was investigated in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidaemic (WHHL) rabbits. Compared with controls, total serum cholesterol was 48% lower after PIB (16.88 +/- 1.57 versus 8.79 +/- 1.66 mmol/l; P less than 0.01), owing to lower levels of cholesterol in VLDL (-23%), intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL; -39%) and LDL (-72%); serum triacylglycerols were 32% higher (3.86 +/- 1.35 versus 5.11 +/- 0.82 mmol/l). The ratio of the percentages of mass of cholesteryl esters to triacylglycerols was 71% lower in VLDL and LDL and 67% lower in IDL (P less than 0.01). Compared with controls, the secretion rate of LDL was 33% lower (31.1 +/- 7.2 versus 20.7 +/- 6.9 mg/day per kg; P less than 0.05) and the fractional catabolic rate (FCR) of LDL was 33% higher (0.46 +/- 0.06 versus 0.61 +/- 0.12 pool/day; P less than 0.02). The VLDL turnover showed that after PIB there was a higher secretion rate of VLDL apolipoprotein B (63.9 versus 167.4 mg/day per kg), a higher FCR (3.84 versus 8.61 pools/day), a higher direct uptake (38.8 versus 146.4 mg/day per kg) and a higher conversion of VLDL into LDL (4.8 versus 9.0 mg/day per kg). Some 82% of LDL originated from direct synthesis in controls, and after PIB this was 59%. In both controls and treated rabbits there was a direct LDL synthesis, which was 52% lower after PIB (26.3 versus 12.6 mg/day per kg). It is concluded that LDL-cholesterol lowering by PIB is due to an increased uptake of LDL, a decreased synthesis of LDL, and cholesterol depletion of the LDL particles; the decreased LDL synthesis is due to a decreased direct production of LDL, which exceeds the increased conversion of VLDL into LDL.

SUBMITTER: Mol MJ 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1151396 | BioStudies | 1991-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2780651

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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