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The effect of membrane composition and alcohols on the insulin-sensitive reconstituted monosaccharide-transport system of rat adipocyte plasma membranes.


ABSTRACT: The monosaccharide transporter from the plasma membranes of rat adipocytes and insulin-stimulated adipocytes has been reconstituted in sonicated liposomes. The stereospecific D-glucose uptake by liposomes made from a range of phospholipids and incorporating fatty acids has been investigated. D-Glucose uptake is correlated with an increase in lipid fluidity as a consequence of the addition of fluidizing fatty acids, changes in phospholipid acyl chain length and temperature. Benzyl alcohol and ethyl alcohol, which are generally considered to increase bilayer fluidity, decrease stereo-specific D-glucose uptake in both whole adipocytes and reconstituted liposomes. It is suggested that, although these alcohols may affect D-glucose transport by lipid-mediated fluidity changes, they also interact directly with the transporter resulting in inhibition of transport.

SUBMITTER: More JE 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1152477 | BioStudies | 1983-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2160113

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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