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Parotid microsomal Ca2+ transport. Subcellular localization and characterization.


ABSTRACT: Rat parotid gland homogenates were fractionated into mitochondrial, heavy microsomal and light microsomal fractions by differential centrifugation. ATP-dependent 45Ca2+ uptake by the subcellular fractions paralleled the distribution of NADPH-cytochrome c reductase, an enzyme associated with the endoplasmic reticulum. The highest rate of Ca2+ uptake was found in the heavy microsomal fraction. Ca2+ uptake by this fraction was dependent on the presence of ATP and was sustained at a linear rate by 5 mM-oxalate. Inhibitors of mitochondrial Ca2+ transport had no effect on the rate of Ca2+ uptake. Na+ and K+ stimulated Ca2+ uptake. At optimal concentrations. Na+ stimulated Ca2+ uptake by 120% and K+ stimulated Ca2+ uptake by 260%. Decreasing the pH from 7.4 to 6.8 had little effect on Ca2+ uptake. The Km for Ca2+ uptake was 3.7 microM free Ca2+ and 0.19 mM-ATP. Vanadate inhibited Ca2+ uptake; 60 microM-vanadate inhibited the rate of Ca2+ accumulation by 50%. It is concluded that the ATP-dependent Ca2+ transport system is located on the endoplasmic reticulum and may play a role in maintaining intracellular levels of free Ca2+ within a narrow range of concentration.

SUBMITTER: Kanagasuntheram P 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1154032 | BioStudies | 1982-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2080789

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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