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Hereditary spherocytosis of man. Defective cytoskeletal interactions in the erythrocyte membrane.


ABSTRACT: Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is an inherited abnormality of red cell shape and results from defective interactions amongst the components of the cytoskeleton. It is known that spectrin/actin dissociates in low ionic strength media from ghosts and cytoskeletons at a rate which is slower for HS than normal preparations. Hybridization experiments have established that this behaviour is not due to a defective spectrin or actin but resides in a spectrin-binding component of the membrane [Hill, Sawyer, Howlett & Wiley (1981) Biochem. J. 201, 259-266]. In the present study erythrocyte shells have been examined in low ionic strength media and a similar difference in the rate of solubilization has been revealed. Since band 4.1 (but not band 2.1) is a common component of cytoskeletons and shells it is possible that 4.1 may be abnormal in the HS condition. The interaction of band 4.1 with spectrin/actin was examined by low shear falling ball viscometry. The addition of a mixture of band 2.1 and 4.1 to a solution of actin and spectrin tetramer increased the viscosity due to cross-linking of the cytoskeletal elements by band 4.1. When band 2.1/4.1 mixtures were derived from five HS families the viscosity was increased to a greater extent than in the normal controls. This difference was not a result of alterations in the calcium dependence of the spectrin/actin-band 4.1 interaction. The results imply that band 4.1 may be defective in the HS condition.

SUBMITTER: Sawyer WH 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1154366 | BioStudies | 1983-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2110349

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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