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Metal ion interactions in the control of haem oxygenase induction in liver and kidney.


ABSTRACT: Mn2+ and Zn2+ exhibit a striking ability to block the induction by Sn2+ and Ni2+ of haem oxygenase (EC 1.14.99.3) in kidney. The blocking effects of Mn2+ and Zn2+ were found to be greatest on simultaneous administration, time-dependent when administered up to 8 h before the inducing metal ions, and ineffective when administered as little as 10 min after the inducing metal ions. The decreases in cytochrome P-450 and haem contents and the sequential changes in delta-aminolaevulinate synthase (EC 2.3.1.37) activity that occur concomitant with haem oxygenase induction were largely eliminated with simultaneous or prior treatment with Mn2+ or Zn2+, but not when Mn2+ or Zn2+ was administered after Sn2+ or Ni2+. Mn2+ and Zn2+ did not increase the catabolism of the enzyme in vivo. Zn2+ on simultaneous administration was also able substantially to block the induction of haem oxygenase by Co2+, Cd2+ and Ni2+ in liver. The Zn2+ blockade of Cd2+ induction was examined in detail, and prior or simultaneous administration of Zn2+ was found to be effective in blocking the induction of haem oxygenase and the concomitant decreases in cytochrome P-450 and haem contents, ethylmorphine demethylase activity and the sequential changes in delta-aminolaevulinate synthase activity. Zn2+ administration 10 min or more after Cd2+ was ineffective in preventing the occurrence of these perturbations in haem metabolism. These findings describe a new and striking biological property of Mn2+ and Zn2+, and indicate the existence of significant metal ion interactions in the control of haem metabolism.

SUBMITTER: Drummond GS 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1162380 | BioStudies | 1980-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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