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Tryptophan pyrrolase in haem regulation. The mechanism of the opposite effects of tryptophan on rat liver 5-aminolaevulinate synthase activity and the haem saturation of tryptophan pyrrolase.


ABSTRACT: 1. Administration of tryptophan to starved rats causes a rapid decrease in liver 5-aminolaevulinate synthase activity associated with an increase in the haem saturation of tryptophan pyrrolase. Both effects are maximally produced at 30 min by a 100 mg/kg body wt. dose of tryptophan. 2. Pb2+ prevents both effects. 3. Prevention by allopurinol or benserazide of the tryptophan-induced increase in the haem saturation of tryptophan pyrrolase renders this haem available for further repression of synthase synthesis. 4. The opposite effects on synthase activity and pyrrolase saturation with haem caused by administration of 5-aminolaevulinate, but not those by that of haematin, are potentiated by tryptophan. 5. It is suggested that tryptophan decreases 5-aminolaevulinate synthase activity and causes the initial increase in the haem saturation of tryptophan pyrrolase by enhancing the conversion of 5-aminolaevulinate into haem by a process requiring protein synthesis.

SUBMITTER: Badawy AA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1163249 | BioStudies | 1981-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1980309

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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