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Location of the carbohydrate groups of ovomucoid.


ABSTRACT: Tryptic glycopeptides were purified from the sialic acid-free variant of ovomucoid, O1, and its CNBr fragments. The amino acid sequences adjacent to the four major sites of carbohydrate (Carb.) attachment were: (1), Phe-Pro-Asn(Carb.)-Ala-Thr-Asp-Lys-Glu-Gly-Lys; (2), Ala-Try-Ser-Ile-Glu-Phe-Gly-Thr-Asn (Carb.)-Ile-Ser-Lys; (3), Glu, Thr-Val-Pro-Met-Asn(Carb.)-cys-Ser; (4), Ser-Ser-Tyr-Ala-Asn (Carb.)-Thr-Thr-Ser-Glu-Asp-Gly-Lys, Glycosylated Asn residues were located at position 10, between residues 49 and 60, and at positions 69 and 75, in the primary sequence. All of these carbohydrate groups contained GlcNAc, Man and Gal in the approximate molar proprotions 5:3:0.5. A further glycopeptide containing His was isolated in low yield, suggesting that some carbohydrate is attached at a fifth site. Two of the carbohydrate-attachment sites (Asn-10 and Asn-75) occur in sequences that show internal homologies. These are presumed to have evolved as a consequence of partial gene duplication. Three of the carbohydrate-attachment sites occur in similar positions to the carbohydrate groups in quail ovomucoid [Laskowski (1976) Protides Biol. Fluids Proc. Colloq. 23, in the press]. Prediction of peptide conformation from the sequence data by the method of Chou & Fasman [(1974) Biochemistry 13, 222-225] indicated that four glycosylated Asn residues in hen ovomucoid are very close to groups of amino acids that occur with high frequency in beta-turns. The possible significance of peptide-chain conformation in the attachment of carbohydrate to glycoproteins is briefly discussed.

SUBMITTER: Beeley JG 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1164121 | BioStudies | 1976-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1590335

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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