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Preparation and characterization of armadillo submandibular glycoproteins.

ABSTRACT: The nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus mexicanus Peters) was chosen for this study so that a comparison could be made of the salivary mucus glycoproteins of an ancient mammalian species with those derived from previously studied, more highly evolved species. Two mucus glycoproteins, armadillo submandibular glycoprotein A and armadillo submandibular glycoprotein B, were prepared from the armadillo submandibular gland by a modification of the method of Tettamanti & Pigman (1968) (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 124, 41-50). The composition of glycoprotein A is the simplest one among the known mucus glycoproteins. Six amino acids constitute 98.5 mol/100mol of the protein of glycoprotein A and 82 mol/100 mol of that of glycoprotein B. These are serine and threonine (which make up 40-50% of the molar amino acid composition), glutamic acid, glycine alanine and valine. Proline is absent from glycoprotein A and comprises only 2.3% of glycoprotein B. For both glycoproteins, the protein content, as determined by the method of Lowry, Rosebrough, Farr & Randall (1951) (J. Biol. Chem 193, 265-275), with bovine serum albumin as standard, was nearly 60% higher than when determined by the sum of the amino acids. The ratios of total mol of amino acid/total mol of carbohydrate are 1:0.63 for glycoprotein A and 1:0.68 for glycoprotein B, N-Acetylneuraminic acid and N-acetylgalactosamine, in a molar ratio of about 0.35:1.00, are the principal carbohydrates present in both glycoproteins. Neutral sugars seem to be absent from glycoprotein A, but galactose and fucose are present in glycoprotein B. The carbohydrate side chains in glycoprotein A are composed of about two-thirds monosaccharide and one-third disaccharide residues, whereas those of glycoprotein B are more complex. For both glycoproteins, essentially all of the N-acetylgalactosamine was attached O-glycosidically to the hydroxyamino acid residues of the protein core. The linkage of N-acetylneuraminic acid glycoprotein A was extremely sensitive to dilute acid and neuraminidase. Glycoprotein B has chemical properties similar to those of glycoprotein A. However, whereas glycoprotein A was susceptible to both Clostridium perfringens and Vibrio cholerae neuraminidases, only the latter enzyme had an effect on glycoprotein B at pH 4.75. Both glycoproteins were homogeneous by cellulose acetate electrophoresis and ultracentrifugal analyses. The apparent mol.wts. of glycoprotein A and glycoprotein B were 7.8 X 10(4) and 3.1 X 10(4) respectively.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1164472 | BioStudies | 1977-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1610037

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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