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Role of cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate in the action of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis-(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT)on hepatic and renal metabolism.


ABSTRACT: The possibility whether alterations in the cyclic AMP-adenylate cyclase-phosphodiesterase system play a role in the action of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis-(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) on hepatic and renal carbohydrate metabolism was investigated. Administration of exogenous cyclic AMP (10mg/100g) was found to mimic the action of DDT which enhanced the activities of pyruvate carboxylase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, fructose 1,6-diphosphatase and glucose 6-phosphatase in both liver and kidney cortex, elevated the concentration of blood glucose and urea and decreased the amount of hepatic glycogen. Treatment with theophylline augmented the effects of a submaximal dose of this halogenated hydrocarbon on serum urea and glucose as well as the key gluconeogenic enzymes in liver and kidney cortex. Addition of DDT in vitro to liver and kidney homogenates resulted in a significant enhancement of adenylate cyclase activity. Hepatic and renal slices from rats already treated with DDT displayed an increased ability to convert [(3)H]adenosine into cyclic [(3)H]AMP. Whereas kidney-cortex slices excised from rats given caffeine and DDT produced an even greater amount of cyclic [(3)H]AMP, imidazole, propranolol and hydrazine prevented the insecticide-stimulated rise in cyclic nucleotide production. In contrast, prostaglandin E(1) failed to exert any significant effect on DDT-induced increases in cyclic [(3)H]AMP synthesis from radioactive adenosine. The present study and our previous findings (Kacew & Singhal, 1973e) support the concept that the DDT-induced alterations in carbohydrate metabolism of liver and kidney cortex may be related to an initial stimulation of the cyclic AMP-adenylate cyclase system in these tissues.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1168220 | BioStudies | 1974-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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