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The specific radioactivity of the tissue free amino acid pool as a basis for measuring the rate of protein synthesis in the rat in vivo.


ABSTRACT: 1. Rats were infused in vivo with [U-(14)C]glycine for periods of 2-6h, during which time the specific radioactivity of the free glycine in plasma and tissue approached a constant value. 2. Free serine also became labelled. The ratio of specific radioactivity of serine to that of glycine in the protein of liver, kidney, brain, jejunum, heart, diaphragm and gastrocnemius muscle was closer to the ratio in the free amino acid pool of the tissue than that of the plasma. 3. The kinetics of incorporation of [(14)C]glycine and [(14)C]serine into the protein of gastrocnemius muscle further suggested that the plasma free amino acids were not the immediate precursors of protein. 4. Infusion of rats with [U-(14)C]serine resulted in labelling of free glycine. The ratio of specific radioactivity of glycine to serine in the protein of liver, kidney, brain, jejunum and heart again suggested incorporation from a pool similar to the free amino acid pool of the tissue. 5. Rates of tissue protein synthesis calculated from the incorporation into protein of both radioactive glycine and serine, either infused or derived, were very similar when the precursor specific radioactivity was taken to be that in the total free amino acids of the tissue. Except for gastrocnemius muscle and diaphragm during the infusion of radioactive serine, the rates of tissue protein synthesis calculated from the specific radioactivity of the free glycine and serine in plasma differed markedly.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1168293 | BioStudies | 1974-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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