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Inhibition of hepatic deoxyribonucleic acid-dependent ribonucleic acid polymerases by the exotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis in comparison with the effects of -amanitin and cordycepin.

ABSTRACT: The action of Bacillus thuringiensis exotoxin, a structural analogue of ATP, on mouse liver DNA-dependent RNA polymerases was studied and its effects were compared with those of alpha-amanitin and cordycepin. (1) Administration of exotoxin in vivo caused a marked decrease in RNA polymerase activity of isolated nuclei at various concentrations of Mg(2+), Mn(2+) and (NH(4))(2)SO(4). A similar action was recorded after addition of exotoxin to isolated nuclei from control or exotoxin-treated mice. (2) Chromatographic separation of nuclear RNA polymerases from mice treated in vivo with exotoxin showed a drastic decrease of the peak of nucleoplasmic RNA polymerase, whereas the peak of nucleolar RNA polymerase remained unaltered. The same effect was observed after administration of alpha-amanitin in vivo, but cordycepin did not alter the relative amounts of the two main RNA polymerase peaks. (3) Administration of exotoxin in vivo did not alter the template activity of isolated DNA or chromatin tested with different fractions of RNA polymerase from control or exotoxin-treated mice. (4) Addition of exotoxin to isolated liver RNA polymerases inhibited both enzyme fractions. However, the alpha-amanitin-sensitive RNA polymerase was also 50-100-fold more sensitive to exotoxin inhibition than was the alpha-amanitin-insensitive RNA polymerase. Kinetic analysis indicated the exotoxin produces a competitive inhibition with ATP on the nucleolar enzyme, but a mixed type of inhibition with nucleoplasmic enzyme. The results obtained indicate that the B. thuringiensis exotoxin inhibits liver RNA synthesis by affecting nuclear RNA polymerases, showing a preferential inhibition of the nucleoplasmic alpha-amanitin-sensitive RNA polymerase.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1174051 | BioStudies | 1972-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1290153

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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