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The role of adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate in the regulation of insulin release by isolated rat islets of Langerhans.


ABSTRACT: 1. Concentrations of cyclic AMP (adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate) and rates of insulin release were measured in islets of Langerhans isolated from rat pancreas and incubated for various times in the presence of glucose, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, caffeine, theophylline, adrenaline and diazoxide. 2. Caffeine and theophylline produced small but significant increases in both cyclic AMP and release of insulin when they were incubated in the presence of 10mm-glucose. 3. 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine produced a marked increase in the intracellular concentration of cyclic AMP in the presence of 5mm- and 10mm-glucose. However, insulin release was stimulated only in the presence of 10mm-glucose. 4. In response to rising concentrations of extracellular glucose (5-20mm) there was no detectable increase in the intracellular concentration of cyclic AMP even though there was a marked increase in the rate of insulin release. 5. In response to 10mm-glucose insulin release occurred in two phases and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine potentiated the effect of glucose on both phases. The intracellular concentration of cyclic AMP remained constant with glucose and rose within 10min to its maximum value with 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine. 6. Adrenaline and diazoxide inhibited insulin release and lowered the intracellular concentration of cyclic AMP when islets were incubated with glucose or 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine. 7. It is suggested that glucose does not stimulate insulin release by increasing the concentration of cyclic AMP in islet cells. However, the concentration of cyclic AMP in islet cells may modulate the effect of glucose on the release process.

SUBMITTER: Montague W 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1176694 | BioStudies | 1971-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1220115

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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