Dataset Information


Ribosomal ribonucleic acid synthesis in Bacillus subtilis.

ABSTRACT: The mode of biosynthesis of the 16S and 23S ribosomal ribonucleic acids (rRNA) was studied in Bacillus subtilis 168thy(-). Three criteria were used to define the characteristics of the rRNA species: (i) the time required at 37 degrees C to synthesize 16S and 23S rRNA chains de novo in growing cultures; (ii) the degree of reactivity of the 3'-terminal groups of the rRNA molecules with periodate and [carbonyl-(14)C]isonicotinic acid hydrazide; and (iii) the reactivity of the 5'-terminal regions of the rRNA molecules with the bacterial exonuclease purified by Riley (1969). The 16S and 23S chains of B. subtilis were synthesized at rates of 22+/-2 and 21+/-2 nucleotides added/s. The periodate-[(14)C]isonicotinic acid hydrazide and the exonuclease techniques for estimating apparent chain lengths of RNA indicated that the chain length of the 23S rRNA was 1.8 times that of the 16S fraction. The apparent chain lengths of each rRNA species were: 16S rRNA, 1650+/-50 nucleotide residues; 23S rRNA, 3050+/-90 nucleotide residues. It appears that, the 16S and 23S rRNA molecules in B. subtilis are synthesized in the expected manner, by simple polymerization of the final products on independent cistrons.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1176757 | BioStudies | 1971-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1220139

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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