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Activity of selected gluconeogenic and lipogenic enzymes in bovine rumen mucosa, liver and adipose tissue.


ABSTRACT: The activities of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, ;malic enzyme', citrate-cleavage enzyme and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase were assayed in homogenates of rumen mucosa, liver and adipose tissue of cattle. Rumen mucosa cytoplasm contained activities of ;malic enzyme' approximately sevenfold those of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, suggesting that the conversion of propionate into lactate by rumen mucosa involves ;malic enzyme'. Neither starvation for 8 days nor feeding with a concentrate diet for at least 3 months before slaughter produced enzyme patterns in the tissues different from those in cattle given only hay, except that the all-concentrate diet caused increased activities of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and ;malic enzyme' in adipose tissues. Rumen mucosa, liver and adipose tissue contained phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity. ;Malic enzyme' was absent in liver. Citrate-cleavage enzyme activity was present in liver and adipose tissue but was quite low in rumen mucosa. Liver contained much less glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity than rumen mucosa or adipose tissue.

SUBMITTER: Young JW 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1184799 | BioStudies | 1969-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1140083

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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