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Effect of adrenalectomy on acceleration of gluconeogenesis by calcium ions, adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate and adrenaline in rat kidney tubules.


ABSTRACT: 1. Gluconeogenesis from pyruvate was measured in renal-cortical-tubules fragments prepared from fed male rats 6-8 days after adrenalectomy or sham adrenalectomy. The response of this process to 3':5'-cyclic AMP and adrenaline was compared in these two states at two Ca2+ concentrations. 2. Adrenalectomy decreased the percentage stimulation of gluconeogenesis by 3':5'-cyclic AMP, but increased percentage stimulation by adrenaline. Cortisol treatment of adrenalectomized rats (50 mg/kg, twice daily for 2 days) did not reverse the change in responsiveness to 3':5'-cyclic AMP and adrenaline. 3. Stimulation of gluconeogenesis by 1 micron-adrenaline was unaffected by 10 micron-propranolol (beta-blocker) in either state. Phentolamine (alpha-blocker; 10 micron) totally blocked stimulation of gluconeogenesis by 1 micron-adrenaline in the sham-operated condition, but was only partially effective in this respect after adrenalectomy.

SUBMITTER: MacDonald DW 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1185958 | BioStudies | 1978-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1740641

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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