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Interaction of the lacZ beta-galactosidase of Escherichia coli with some beta-D-galactopyranoside competitive inhibitors.


ABSTRACT: 1. The location of the bivalent metal cation with respect to bound competitive inhibitors in Escherichia coli (lacZ) beta-galactosidase was investigated by proton magnetic resonance. 2. Replacement of Mg(2+) by Mn(2+) enhances both longitudinal and transverse relaxation of the methyl groups of the beta-d-galactopyranosyltrimethylammonium ion, and of methyl 1-thio-beta-d-galactopyranoside; linewidths are narrowed by increasing temperature. 3. The Mn(2+) ion is located 8-9A (0.8-0.9nm) from the centroid of the trimethylammonium group and 9A (0.9nm) from the average position of the methylthio protons. 4. The effective charge at the active site was probed by measurement of competitive inhibition constants (K(i) (o) and K(i) (+) respectively) for the isosteric ligands, beta-d-galactopyranosylbenzene and the beta-d-galactopyranosylpyridinium ion. 5. The ratio of inhibition constants (Q=K(i) (+)/K(i) (o)) obtained with 2-(beta-d-galactopyranosyl)-naphthalene and the beta-d-galactopyranosylisoquinolinium ion at pH7 with Mg(2+)-enzyme was identical, within experimental error, with that obtained with the monocyclic compounds. 6. The variation of Q for Mg(2+)-enzyme can be described by Q=0.1(1+[H(+)]/4.17x10(-10))/1+[H(+)]/10(-8)). 7. This, in the theoretical form for a single ionizable group, is ascribed to the ionization of the phenolic hydroxy group of tyrosine-501. 8. The variation of Q for Mg(2+)-free enzyme is complex, probably because of deprotonation of the groups normally attached to Mg(2+) as well as tyrosine-501.

SUBMITTER: Loeffler RS 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1186350 | BioStudies | 1979-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1770145

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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