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Neutral glycosphingolipids and gangliosides of human lung and lung tumours.


ABSTRACT: In order to help determine whether alterations of the profiles of glycosphingolipids occur consistently in human tumours, the neutral glycosphingolipids and gangliosides of nine lung tumours (one adenocarcinoma, four squamous cell, two mixed adeno-squamous cell, one large cell and one oat-cell carcinomata) were analysed. The control tissue consisted of adjacent lung; it contained neutral glycosphingolipids corresponding in properties to glucosyl-, lactosyl-, globotriaosyl- and globotetraosyl-ceramides. All of the tumours also contained these four neutral glycosphingolipids. However, in addition, five of the tumours (two of the squamous, the large cell and the two mixed adeno-squamous cell carcinomata) contained neutral glycosphingolipids corresponding in properties to lactotriaosyl- and neolactotetraosyl-ceramides; these same tumours also exhibited higher amounts of lactosylceramide than the other tumours analysed. Both of the two former neutral glycosphingolipids and very substantial amounts of the latter neutral glycosphingolipid were detected in pneumonic lung and in polymorphonuclear leucocytes; it thus appears possible that these particular compounds were derived from these latter cells rather than from the tumour cells. The ganglioside patterns of the tumours were almost equivalent in complexity to that exhibited by the control lung tissue. This study shows that the profiles of two major classes of glycosphingolipids (neutral glycosphingolipids and gangliosides) occurring in lung tumours are almost as complex as those of the parent tissue, a finding in contrast with the notably simplified patterns of these lipids found in many cancer cells grown in vitro. It also suggests that when lactotriaosyl- and neolactotetraosyl-ceramides and high amounts of lactosylceramide are detected in human tumours, the possibility must be considered that these compounds are derived from polymorphonuclear leucocytes.

SUBMITTER: Narasimhan R 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1186610 | BioStudies | 1979-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1790199

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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