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Proteins of the kidney microvillar membrane. The amphipathic form of dipeptidyl peptidase IV.


ABSTRACT: Dipeptidyl peptidase IV was solubilized from the microvillar membrane of pig kidney by Triton X-100. The purified enzyme was homogeneous on polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and ultracentrifugation, although immunoelectrophoresis indicated that amino-peptidase M was a minor contaminant. A comparison of the detergent-solubilized and proteinase (autolysis)-solubilized forms of the enzyme was undertaken to elucidate the structure and function of the hydrophobic domain that serves to anchor the protein to the membrane. No differences in catalytic properties, nor in sensitivity to inhibition by di-isopropyl phosphorofluoridate were found. On the other hand, several structural differences could be demonstrated. Both forms were about 130,000 subunit mol.wt., but the detergent form appeared to be larger by no more than about 4,000. Electron microscopy showed both forms to be dimers, and gel filtration revealed a difference in the dimeric mol.wt. of about 38 000, mainly attributable to detergent molecules bound to the hydrophobic domain. Papain converted the detergent form into a hydrophilic form that could not be distinguished in properties from the autolysis form. A hydrophobic peptide of about 3500 mol.wt. was identified as a product of papain treatment. The detergent and proteinase forms differed in primary structure. Partial N-terminal amino acid sequences were shown to be different, and the pattern of release of amino acids from the C-terminus by carboxypeptidase Y was essentially similar. The results are consistent with a model in which the protein is anchored to the microvillar membrane by a small hydrophobic domain located within the N-terminal amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain. The significance of these results in relation to biosynthesis of the enzyme and assembly in the membrane is discussed.

SUBMITTER: Macnair DC 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1186636 | BioStudies | 1979-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1790379

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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