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Inhibitors of caeruloplasmin.

ABSTRACT: 1. A method is described by which substances inhibiting caeruloplasmin oxidase activity directly may be distinguished from those acting on stimulatory contaminant iron or on the product of enzyme action. 2. Many previously reported inhibitors, including saturated aliphatic carboxylates, hydrazines, 1,10-phenanthroline, borate and various psycho-active drugs, are found either not to act on the enzyme or to inhibit it only weakly. 3. A series of inorganic anions are compared as inhibitors. Anions such as azide and cyanide with strong copper-binding properties are the most effective inhibitors. There is a general inverse relationship between anion size and inhibitory power. Iodide is anomalous, the order of effectiveness of halides being F(-)>I(-)[unk]Cl(-)>Br(-). 4. Multidentate copperchelating ligands have little inhibitory effect. 5. A group of substances containing the structural unit [unk]C=[unk].CO(2)H, including fumarate and benzoate, cause inhibition. 6. Relative inhibitions by a series of mono-substituted benzoates are inversely related to molecular size. 7. Results are discussed in relation to earlier work on the disposition and function of the copper atoms of caeruloplasmin.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1198295 | BioStudies | 1967-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1050243

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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