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Formation of ketone bodies from [14C]palmitate and [14C]glycerol by tissues from ketotic sheep.


ABSTRACT: Labelled ketone bodies were produced readily from [U-(14)C]palmitate, [2-(14)C]palmitate and [1-(14)C]glycerol by sheep rumen-epithelial and liver tissues in vitro. On a tissue-nitrogen basis, both tissues had similar capacities for ketogenesis. Palmitate was a ketogenic substrate in both rumen-epithelial tissue and liver, and more of its (14)C appeared in ketone bodies than in the (14)CO(2) liberated. Glycerol was actively metabolized to ketone bodies, but more readily underwent complete oxidation to carbon dioxide; this complete oxidation was most pronounced in rumen-epithelial tissue from ketotic ewes. These experiments with labelled compounds confirm earlier observations that rumen-epithelial tissue, like liver, actively forms ketone bodies from long-chain fatty acids and show further that normal rumen-epithelial tissue can convert palmitate into ketone bodies as readily as into carbon dioxide. Free glycerol, which is metabolized only by liver tissue in non-ruminants, is also metabolized by rumen epithelium. The rumen epithelium thus has unique metabolic capacity among extrahepatic tissues.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1198497 | BioStudies | 1968-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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