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Factors influencing the development of urea-synthesizing enzymes in rat liver.


ABSTRACT: 1. The activities of enzymes of the urea cycle, carbamoyl phosphate synthetase, ornithine transcarbamoylase, argininosuccinate synthetase, argininosuccinase (the last two comprising the arginine synthetase system) and arginase, were measured in the liver during development of the rat. All five enzymes exhibited relatively low activities in foetal liver and a rapid postnatal increase was found. The rate-limiting enzyme of urea synthesis in the rat, the condensing enzyme of the arginine synthetase system, showed the lowest activity at birth and the most rapid postnatal increase, a fivefold increase within 24hr. after birth. A second increase of activity was noted after the tenth day. These results suggest that the postnatal increase of arginine synthetase activity initiates the ability for urea synthesis in the rat. 2. Some factors influencing the development of the rate-limiting arginine synthetase system were studied in more detail. (a) Intraperitoneal administration of puromycin inhibited the postnatal increaseof the enzyme activity. (b) Starvation of newborn animals for 24hr. after birth had no effect on the postnatal development of the enzyme. (c) Bilateral adrenalectomy at birth caused a marked diminution in the postnatal increase of the enzyme activity and injections of triamcinolone were effective in preventing the effect of adrenalectomy. (d) Administration of triamcinolone alone had a marked stimulatory effect on the postnatal development of this enzyme. (e) Premature and postmature birth had virtually no effect on the developmental pattern of the arginine synthetase activity, suggesting that the increase of this enzyme activity after birth is not initiated by the birth process.

SUBMITTER: Raiha NC 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1198750 | BioStudies | 1968-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1070793

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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