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Comparative cellular processing of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein gp160 by the mammalian subtilisin/kexin-like convertases.


ABSTRACT: We present here the pulse and pulse-chase analysis of the biosynthesis of the envelope glycoprotein gp160 and its intracellular processing by the subtilisin/kexin-like convertases furin, PACE4, PC1, PC5 and its isoform PC5/6-B. We demonstrate that furin and to a much lesser extent PACE4, PC5/6-B and PC1 are candidate enzymes capable of processing gp160 intracellularly. Furthermore we show that furin can also process gp160/gp120 into gp77/gp53 products by cleavage at the sequence RIQR/GPGR just preceding the conserved GPGR structure found at the tip of the hypervariable V3 loop. The results show that processing into gp120 could occur at or before the trans-Golgi network (TGN) where sulphation of the oligosaccharide moieties of gp160 was detected. In contrast, the formation of gp77/gp53 by furin is a late event occurring after exit from the TGN. Our data also revealed that the alpha glucosidase I inhibitor N-butyldeoxynojirimycin, although affecting the oligosaccharide composition of gp160, does not impair the processing of either gp160 or gp120 by either furin or PACE4. Finally, the co-expression of the [Arg355, Arg358]-alpha-1-antitrypsin Portland variant was shown to potently inhibit the processing of both gp160 and gp120 by these convertases.

SUBMITTER: Vollenweider F 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1217081 | BioStudies | 1996-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj3140521

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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