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Phospholamban remains associated with the Ca2+- and Mg2+-dependent ATPase following phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase.

ABSTRACT: We have used fluorescence and spin-label EPR spectroscopy to investigate how the phosphorylation of phospholamban (PLB) by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) modifies structural interactions between PLB and the Ca(2+)- and Mg(2+)-dependent ATPase (Ca-ATPase) that result in enzyme activation. Following covalent modification of N-terminal residues of PLB with dansyl chloride or the spin label 4-isothiocyanato-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl ('ITC-TEMPO'), we have co-reconstituted PLB with affinity-purified Ca-ATPase isolated from skeletal sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) with full retention of catalytic function. The Ca(2+)-dependence of the ATPase activity of this reconstituted preparation is virtually identical with that observed using native cardiac SR before and after PLB phosphorylation, indicating that co-reconstituted sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic-reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 1 (SERCA1) and PLB provide an equivalent experimental model for SERCA2a-PLB interactions. Phosphorylation of PLB in the absence of the Ca-ATPase results in a greater amplitude of rotational mobility, suggesting that the structural linkage between the transmembrane region and the N-terminus is destabilized. However, whereas co-reconstitution with the Ca-ATPase restricts the amplitude of rotational motion of PLB, subsequent phosphorylation of PLB does not significantly alter its rotational dynamics. Thus structural interactions between PLB and the Ca-ATPase that restrict the rotational mobility of the N-terminus of PLB are retained following the phosphorylation of PLB by PKA. On the other hand, the fluorescence intensity decay of bound dansyl is sensitive to the phosphorylation state of PLB, indicating that there are changes in the tertiary structure of PLB coincident with enzyme activation. These results suggest that PLB phosphorylation alters its structural interactions with the Ca-ATPase by inducing structural rearrangements between PLB and the Ca-ATPase within a defined complex that modulates Ca(2+)-transport function.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1221350 | BioStudies | 2000-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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