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Type-1 ribosome-inactivating protein from iris (Iris hollandica var. Professor Blaauw) binds specific genomic DNA fragments.


ABSTRACT: The capacity of IRIP, a type-1 ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) isolated from the bulbs of Iris hollandica, to bind specific DNA sequences from a mixture of approx. 200 bp (average length) fragments of total genomic DNA from Iris genome was studied. Fragments that were preferentially bound by IRIP were enriched by several cycles of affinity binding and PCR, and were cloned and sequenced. The selected DNA fragments do not share conserved sequences, indicating that IRIP does not bind DNA fragments in a strictly sequence-specific manner. According to sequence analysis, most IRIP-bound fragments contain one or more possible free energy-stable hairpin structure(s) in their secondary structure, which may be the basis for recognition between IRIP and these DNA fragments. Some, but not all, DNA fragments moderately lower the RNA N-glycosidase activity of IRIP towards rabbit reticulocyte lysate ribosomes. IRIP does not remove adenines from the binding fragments, which implies that it does not act as a polynucleotide:adenosine glycosidase towards these DNA fragments. The selective binding of IRIP to conspecific DNA fragments is also discussed in view of the novel concept that RIPs may act as DNA-binding proteins with a regulatory activity on gene expression.

SUBMITTER: Hao Q 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1222019 | BioStudies | 2001-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/0264-6021:3570875

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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