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A potential role for nuclear factor of activated T-cells in receptor tyrosine kinase and G-protein-coupled receptor agonist-induced cell proliferation.


ABSTRACT: We have studied the role of nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) transcription factors in the induction of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth by platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) and thrombin, the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists, respectively. NFATc1 but not NFATc2 or NFATc3 was translocated from the cytoplasm to the nucleus upon treatment of VSMCs with PDGF-BB or thrombin. Translocation of NFATc1 was followed by an increase in NFAT-DNA binding activity and NFAT-dependent reporter gene expression. Cyclosporin A (CsA), a potent and specific inhibitor of calcineurin, a calcium/calmodulin-dependent serine phosphatase involved in the dephosphorylation and activation of NFATs, blocked NFAT-DNA binding activity and NFAT-dependent reporter gene expression induced by PDGF-BB and thrombin. CsA also completely inhibited PDGF-BB- and thrombin-induced VSMC growth, as measured by DNA synthesis and cell number. In addition, forced expression of the NFAT-competing peptide VIVIT for calcineurin binding significantly attenuated the DNA synthesis induced by PDGF-BB and thrombin in VSMCs. Together, these findings for the first time demonstrate a role for NFATs in RTK and GPCR agonist-induced growth in VSMCs.

SUBMITTER: Yellaturu CR 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1222985 | BioStudies | 2002-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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