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Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4GI and p97 promote cellular internal ribosome entry sequence-driven translation.

ABSTRACT: Numerous cellular mRNAs encoding proteins critical during cell stress, apoptosis, and the cell cycle seem to be translated by means of internal ribosome entry sequences (IRES) when cap-dependent translation is compromised. The underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Using a HeLa-based cell-free translation system that mirrors the function of cellular IRESs in vitro, we recently demonstrated that translation from the c-myc IRES continues after proteolytic cleavage of eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) 4G. To address the role of eIF4G in cellular IRES-driven translation directly, we immunodepleted eIF4GI from the HeLa cell translation extracts. After efficient depletion of eIF4GI (>90%), both cap-dependent and c-myc IRES-dependent translations are diminished to residual levels (<5%). In striking contrast to cap-dependent translation, c-myc IRES-dependent translation is fully restored by addition of the conserved middle fragment of eIF4GI, harboring the eIF3- and eIF4A-binding sites. p97, an eIF4G-related protein that has been described both as an inhibitor of translation and as a modulator of apoptosis, not only suffices to also rescue c-myc IRES-driven (but not cap-dependent) translation, but it even superinduces IRES-mediated translation 3-fold compared with nondepleted extracts. Interestingly, both p97 and the middle fragment of eIF4GI also rescue translation driven by proapoptotic (p97) and antiapoptotic [X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) and cellular inhibitor of apoptosis 1 (c-IAP1)] IRESs, reflecting a broader role of these polypeptides in cellular IRES-mediated translation and indicating their importance in apoptosis.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1224658 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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