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A mammalian homolog of unc-53 is regulated by all-trans retinoic acid in neuroblastoma cells and embryos.


ABSTRACT: The vitamin A metabolite, all-trans retinoic acid (atRA), plays an important role in neuronal development, including neurite outgrowth. However, the genes that lie downstream of atRA and its receptors in neuronal cells are largely unknown. By using the human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y, we have identified an atRA-responsive gene (RAINB1: retinoic acid inducible in neuroblastoma cells) that is induced within 4 h after exposure of SH-SY5Y cells to atRA. RAINB1 mRNA is highly expressed in the nervous system (10.5- to 11-kb transcript) in both developing embryos and adults. Its expression is perturbed in developing rat embryos exposed to excess or insufficient atRA. RAINB1 is present on chromosome 11 and is spread over 38 exons, resulting in a putative ORF of 2,429 amino acids. The RAINB1 protein shows high similarity to a gene in Caenorhabditis elegans, unc-53, that is required for axonal elongation of mechanosensory neurons, suggesting that these proteins are orthologs. Thus, RAINB1 may represent a critical downstream gene in atRA-mediated neurite outgrowth.

SUBMITTER: Merrill RA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC122539 | BioStudies | 2002-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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