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Flow cytometry analysis of changes in the DNA content of the polychlorinated biphenyl degrader Comamonas testosteroni TK102: effect of metabolites on cell-cell separation.


ABSTRACT: Flow cytometry was used to monitor changes in the DNA content of the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-degrading bacterium Comamonas testosteroni TK102 during growth in the presence or absence of PCBs. In culture medium without PCBs, the majority of stationary-phase cells contained a single chromosome. In the presence of PCBs, the percentage of cells containing two chromosomes increased from 12% to approximately 50%. In contrast, addition of PCBs did not change the DNA contents of three species that are unable to degrade PCBs. In addition, highly chlorinated PCBs that are not degraded by TK102 did not result in a change in the DNA content. These results suggest that PCBs did not affect the DNA content of the cells directly; rather, the intermediate metabolites resulting from the degradation of PCBs caused the increase in DNA content. To study the effect of intermediate metabolites on the DNA content of the cells, four bph genes, bphA1, bphB, bphC, and bphD, were disrupted by gene replacement. The resulting mutant strains accumulated intermediate metabolites when they were grown in the presence of PCBs or biphenyl (BP). When the bphB gene was disrupted, the percentage of cells containing two chromosomes increased in cultures grown with PCBs or BP. When grown with BP, cultures of this mutant accumulated two intermediate metabolites, 2-hydroxybiphenyl (2-OHBP) and 3-OHBP. Addition of 2- or 3-OHBP to a wild-type TK102 and non-PCB-degrading species culture also resulted in an increase in the percentage of cells containing two chromosomes. Electron microscopy revealed that cell-cell separation was inhibited in this culture. This is the first report that hydroxy-BPs can inhibit bacterial cell separation while allowing continued DNA replication.

SUBMITTER: Hiraoka Y 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC126427 | BioStudies | 2002-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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