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Studies on the respiratory metabolism of isolated human adipose cells.


ABSTRACT: 1. Some metabolic characteristics of fat cells isolated from 50 patients were examined. 2. The respiratory activity of human fat cells was of the same order of magnitude as cells obtained from the rat, whether the comparison was based on the molar triglyceride content of cells or the nitrogen content of tissue. 3. There was no difference in the respiratory metabolism of fat cells isolated from three separate age groups: 20-40, 40-60 and 60-80 years. 4. The respiratory activity of human adipose cells was partially inhibited by malonate (0.1m), arsenite (1mm) and iodoacetate (1mm). 5. Oxygen consumption by human adipose cells could not be stimulated by adding glucose or glucose plus palmitic acid to the medium. However, stimulation of oxygen uptake with these substrates was observed after the tissue had been preincubated for 5hr. in a bicarbonate buffer. 6. After the tissue had been preincubated for 5hr., there was a linear relationship between the oxygen uptake by isolated cells and the amount of oleic acid added to the incubation medium. Stimulation of oxygen uptake by oleic acid (0.95mumole/ml.) was dependent on the presence of glucose (5.6mm) in the incubation medium. 7. Of the total [1-(14)C]palmitic acid metabolized by human adipose cells, over 99.8% of the radioactivity was recovered in the neutral-lipid fraction and less than 0.2% in carbon dioxide. Under conditions where oxygen uptake is stimulated by [(14)C]-palmitic acid, the radioactivity of the 1,2-diglyceride pool increased 20-fold.

SUBMITTER: Galton D 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1270078 | BioStudies | 1966-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1010164

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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