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A second locus for familial generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus maps to chromosome 2q21-q33.


ABSTRACT: We report a clinical and genetic study of a family with a phenotype resembling generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+), described by Berkovic and colleagues. Patients express a very variable phenotype combining febrile seizures, generalized seizures often precipitated by fever at age >6 years, and partial seizures, with a variable degree of severity. Linkage analysis has excluded both the beta 1 subunit gene (SCN1B) of a voltage-gated sodium (Na+) channel responsible for GEFS+ and the two loci, FEB1 and FEB2, previously implicated in febrile seizures. A genomewide search, under the assumption of incomplete penetrance at 85% and a phenocopy rate of 5%, permitted identification of a new locus on chromosome 2q21-q33. The maximum pairwise LOD score was 3.00 at recombination fraction 0 for marker D2S2330. Haplotype reconstruction defined a large (22-cM) candidate interval flanked by markers D2S156 and D2S2314. Four genes coding for different isoforms of the alpha-subunit voltage-gated sodium channels (SCN1A, SCN2A1, SCN2A2, and SCN3A) located in this region are strong candidates for the disease gene.

SUBMITTER: Baulac S 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1288241 | BioStudies | 1999-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 121210

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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