Hierarchical, clustered protein interactions with U4/U6 snRNA: a biochemical role for U4/U6 proteins.
ABSTRACT: During activation of the spliceosome, the U4/U6 snRNA duplex is dissociated, releasing U6 for subsequent base pairing with U2 snRNA. Proteins that directly bind the U4/U6 interaction domain potentially could mediate these structural changes. We thus investigated binding of the human U4/U6-specific proteins, 15.5K, 61K and the 20/60/90K protein complex, to U4/U6 snRNA in vitro. We demonstrate that protein 15.5K is a nucleation factor for U4/U6 snRNP assembly, mediating the interaction of 61K and 20/60/90K with U4/U6 snRNA. A similar hierarchical assembly pathway is observed for the U4atac/U6atac snRNP. In addition, we show that protein 61K directly contacts the 5' portion of U4 snRNA via a novel RNA-binding domain. Furthermore, the 20/60/90K heteromer requires stem II but not stem I of the U4/U6 duplex for binding, and this interaction involves a direct contact between protein 90K and U6. This uneven clustering of the U4/U6 snRNP-specific proteins on U4/U6 snRNA is consistent with a sequential dissociation of the U4/U6 duplex prior to spliceosome catalysis.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC129076 | BioStudies |