Dataset Information


The coiled-coil domain of the Nop56/58 core protein is dispensable for sRNP assembly but is critical for archaeal box C/D sRNP-guided nucleotide methylation.

ABSTRACT: Archaeal box C/D sRNAs guide the methylation of specific nucleotides in archaeal ribosomal and tRNAs. Three Methanocaldococcus jannaschii sRNP core proteins (ribosomal protein L7, Nop56/58, and fibrillarin) bind the box C/D sRNAs to assemble the sRNP complex, and these core proteins are essential for nucleotide methylation. A distinguishing feature of the Nop56/58 core protein is the coiled-coil domain, established by alpha-helices 4 and 5, that facilitates Nop56/58 self-dimerization in vitro. The function of this coiled-coil domain has been assessed for box C/D sRNP assembly, sRNP structure, and sRNP-guided nucleotide methylation by mutating or deleting this protein domain. Protein pull-down experiments demonstrated that Nop56/58 self-dimerization and Nop56/58 dimerization with the core protein fibrillarin are mutually exclusive protein:protein interactions. Disruption of Nop56/58 homodimerization by alteration of specific amino acids or deletion of the entire coiled-coil domain had no obvious effect upon core protein binding and sRNP assembly. Site-directed mutation of the Nop56/58 homodimerization domain also had no apparent effect upon either box C/D RNP- or C'/D' RNP-guided nucleotide modification. However, deletion of this domain disrupted guided methylation from both RNP complexes. Nuclease probing of the sRNP assembled with Nop56/58 proteins mutated in the coiled-coil domain indicated that while functional complexes were assembled, box C/D and C'/D' RNPs were altered in structure. Collectively, these experiments revealed that the self-dimerization of the Nop56/58 coiled-coil domain is not required for assembly of a functional sRNP, but the coiled-coil domain is important for the establishment of wild-type box C/D and C'/D' RNP structure essential for nucleotide methylation.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1464844 | BioStudies | 2006-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3365980 | BioStudies
2010-01-01 | S-EPMC3572848 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3019978 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6599887 | BioStudies
2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3404373 | BioStudies
2002-01-01 | S-EPMC100351 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7229835 | BioStudies
2010-01-01 | S-EPMC4335309 | BioStudies
2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3491486 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6986896 | BioStudies