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In vivo dissection of the Helicobacter pylori Fur regulatory circuit by genome-wide location analysis.


ABSTRACT: Iron homeostasis is particularly important in pathogenic bacteria, which need to compete with the host for this essential cofactor. In Helicobacter pylori, a causative agent of several gastric pathologies, iron uptake and storage genes are regulated at the transcriptional level by the ferric uptake regulator Fur. The regulatory circuit of Fur has recently come under focus because of an intimate interlink with a broader regulatory network governing metal homeostasis, acidic response, and virulence. To dissect the Fur regulatory circuit and identify in vivo targets of regulation, we developed a genome-wide location analysis protocol which allowed the identification of 200 genomic loci bound by Fur as well as the investigation of the binding efficiency of the protein to these loci in response to iron. Comparative analysis with transcriptomes of wild-type and fur deletion mutant strains allowed the distinction between targets associated with Fur regulation and genes indirectly influenced by the fur mutation. The Fur regulon includes 59 genes, 25 of which appear to be positively regulated. A case study conducted by primer extension analysis of two oppositely regulated genes, hpn2 and flaB, suggests that negative regulation as well as positive regulation occurs at the transcriptional level. Furthermore, the results revealed the existence of 13 Fur targeted loci within polycistronic operons, which were associated with transcript deregulation in the fur mutant strain. This study provides a systematic insight of Fur regulation at the genome-wide level in H. pylori and points to regulatory functions extending beyond the classical Fur repression paradigm.

SUBMITTER: Danielli A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1483005 | BioStudies | 2006-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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